Rights of the borrower committing denominated or indexed loan in a foreign currency in light of the Anti-spread Act
In 2004–2008 banks offered consumer denominated loan in a foreign currency, which was a competitive position in relation to a PLN credit facility. Banks had not informed about foreign exchange differences, therefore had caused increase in household indebtedness. Banks also had reserved that consumer has to buy currency only from the bank-lender. In 2011 the Anti-spread Act was adopted, which amended banking law and consumer credit law. Creditors were obligated to inform consumer about rules of determining the manners and dates of fixing the currency exchange rate on the basis of which in particular the amount of credit, its tranches and principal and interest instalments are calculated, and the rules of converting into the currency of credit disbursement or repayment. That information and information about the rules of opening and operating the account shall be concluded in a credit contract. Borrower can repay principal and interest instalments and prepay the full or partial amount of the loan directly in that currency.