For Authors



Ethics Statement of the Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review journal



I. Authors’ duties

  1. The reliability of a scientific/scholarly text is essential for its quality. The Authors should present the outcome of their research in a well founded, honest, thorough and unequivocal way.

  2. In the journal Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review only original scientific/scholarly articles are published which were not published in or submitted to another journal, monograph or collection of studies. Submitting the same text for publication in several sources is unethical and unacceptable. This concerns also articles previously published in other languages.

  3. The articles accepted to be published in Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review cannot appear in other sources without written permission of the Editor-in-Chief or/and the Publisher.

  4. The main evaluation criterion of the submitted articles is the objective character of the analyses, as well as the unequivocal and verifiable presentation of the problem and the methods of its elaboration. Providing false observations, faking research results, manipulating the data are considered to be unethical and unacceptable.

  5. In each case when the text refers to observations, research, results or elaboration of a given problem proposed by other authors the referred-to fragment should be cross-referenced and/or included as a quotation. Authors should base the text on appropriate related literature, crucial for the research problem. Information acquired in a conversation or via correspondence with other persons may be quoted in the article only with the univocal written consent of these persons.

  6. If the Author is not familiar with a given text, copying references to it from other works is considered unethical.

  7. Authors cannot publish or disclose individual identification data of another person, acquired in the course of the research, without the permission of the person concerned or of her/his legal representative.

  8. The journal has implemented procedures that will prevent cases of ghostwriting and guest publishing. Both ghostwriting and guest publishing are concidered unethical and unacceptable. The authorship is limited only to those persons that had a considerable share in defining the basic concepts, assumptions, research methods and the realization of the ideas. In the case of multiple authorship of a given article each Author is obliged to define his/her contribution and to supply a written consent to submit the article in the journal Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review. Authors are obliged to provide the names of all persons that contributed to preparing the article for publication.

  9. All the sources of research funding and other kind of research support should be specified.

  10. The responsibility for the disclosure of actual contributors as well as sources of research funding is on the Author.

  11. All cases of scientific dishonesty will be exposed and documented by the editors who will pass information about such dishonesty to relevant institutions (the Author’s place of employment, scientific societies etc.).

II. The duties of the Editors, the Editorial Board and the Advisory Board

  1. The Advisory Board, the Editorial Board and the editors of the journal Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review make decisions concerning the publication of the submitted article, respecting the compliance with the profile of the journal, the scientific (substantive) quality of the submitted articles as well as the originality of the presented research, conclusions and analyses. Citizenship, ethnic origin, race, gender and sex, sexual orientation or the Authors’ religious beliefs will not have any impact on the evaluation of the article.

  2. All the information concerning the Author possessed by the Editorial Board, the Advisory Board and the editors is confidential.

  3. Information concerning the submitted article may be revealed by the Editor-in-Chief, the editors and the members of the Editorial Board and the Advisory Board only to the Author(s) of the text, reviewers or prospective reviewers, editorial consultants (e.g. translators) and the Publisher.

  4. The persons enumerated in p. 3 who received information concerning the article are obliged not to utilize the results, data, conclusions, opinions, analyses, etc. it contains until the article is published.

  5. The members of the Advisory Board are obliged to observe the current law concerning copyright, protection of personal data, libel and plagiarism. They are also obliged to do everything possible to eliminate cases of plagiarism as well as ghostwriting and guest authorship.

  6. In the case of complaints concerning violation of ethical principles of scientific publications addressed to the editors of the journal Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review the Author(s) of the submitted article are informed in writing about the allegations and are asked to address them. Lack of any answer or an answer raising justified doubts will result in sending information concerning the case to institutions with which the Author is affiliated or with which he/she cooperates.

III. Reviewers’ duties

  1. Each submitted article is reviewed by two independent Reviewers from without the institution with which the Author is affiliated. The double-blind procedure is deployed ensuring that the Author and the Reviewers are ignorant as to each other’s identity.

  2. The Reviewers appointed by the Advisory Board of the journal Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review are obliged to inform the editors about resigning from reviewing the article due to the lack of qualifications or time. In this case the Editor-in-Chief in agreement with the Advisory Board appoints another Reviewer within 14 days.

  3. The reviewed text is treated as confidential. The Reviewer may not show and/or discuss the text with persons other than the members of the Advisory Board of the journal Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review. The research results, data, opinions, statements included in the submitted article may not be utilized by the Reviewer until the article is published.

  4. The Reviewer’s primary duty is to evaluate the article objectively. Any personal innuendoes or remarks are considered improper. All comments, evaluations and suggestions should be clear and supported by appropriate arguments.

  5. In the process of reviewing the following criteria should be taken into account: scientific/scholarly character of the submitted text; innovative quality of the research; methodological awareness and clear stating of the research problem; proper use of the state of research; logical argumentation and justification of the conclusions; appropriateness to the profile of the journal.

  6. The Reviewer informs the Advisory Board about a suspicion of ghostwriting, guest authorship, plagiarism and/or so called autoplagiarism committed by the person submitting the article, pointing out the dubious fragment(s) of the article.

  7. Details of the reviewing procedure adopted by the journal Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review can be found on the journal’s website on the tab “For Authors”.

IV. Procedures in the case of a suspicion of plagiarism, autoplagiarism, guest authorship and ghostwriting

  1. Plagiarism in any form is unethical and unacceptable.

  2. In the case of a suspicion of plagiarism the Advisory Board of the journal Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review applies the examination procedures involving the Reviewers and the person submitting the text.

  3. In the case of confirming an unlawful use of somebody else’s text, statements, research, results, data the Author of the submitted article is informed in writing about rejecting his/her text.

  4. In the case of confirming suspicions of plagiarism the editors inform the institution with which the Author is affiliated or with which he /she cooperates.

  5. In the case of confirmed autoplagiarism, when the Author includes in the submitted article fragments of his own texts already published without proper information, the Assistant Editor under the authority of the Editor-in-Chief and with the agreement of the Advisory Board of the journal Ekonomia – Wroclaw Economic Review informs the Author(s) in writing about rejecting the submission due to lack of originality of the presented analyses.

  6. Cases of ghostwriting and guest authorship are unethical and unacceptable. In the case of confirming the suspicions of ghostwriting and guest authorship the Author of the submitted article is informed in writing of rejecting the text due to legal defect. The case is reported to the institution with which the Author is affiliated and/or with which he/she cooperates.




Ekonomia - Wroclaw Economic Review (WER) is a scientific quarterly journal comprising articles of general scientific interest in areas related to economy. Ekonomia - Wroclaw Economic Review is permanently open for articles across all the research domains covered by the journal. Authors are invited to submit manuscripts devoted to theoretical and empirical research.

The articles are published online in Polish and English. The published articles are freely accessible. All submissions are refereed by reviewers in a double-blind peer review process. Articles should contain original work – which has neither been published by the author or anyone else in any other medium, nor is it under consideration for publication in any other medium. Submission is also an equivalent to permission to publishing and disseminating the manuscript (unlimited as to time and territory of distribution as well as to free copies and issues made available on the Internet).

The article must be laid out on an A4 size (210 x 297 mm) page, text single spaced, in Arial font and in a single column. Margins must be 2,5 x 2,5 x 2,5 x 2,5 cm. The article must be fully compatible with Microsoft Word text processor (not older than the version of 2003) for Microsoft Windows operating system. Additional layout requirements must also be followed.

Submission of the article is free of charge and should be sent in the electronic MS Word format to the Editorial office. The submission is completed upon receipt of a confirmation e-mail.

The whole paper should contain maximum 40 000 characters (notes and reference list inclusive). Subheadings shall be limited to two levels only. The length of the paper is 5-15 pages (Arial 11, block-aligned).

The editorial committee requires those submitting works for publication to disclose the contributions of individual authors to the preparation of the work (along with their affiliation and contribution, i.e. information on who is responsible for ideas, assumptions, methods, protocols, etc. used in the preparation of the publication). Primary responsibility rests on the author submitting the manuscript.

The editorial committee is of the view that "ghostwriting", understood as a contribution to the authorship of a publication without disclosing someone's participation as one of its authors or without disclosing his/her role among acknowledgements included in the publication, as well as "guest authorship", understood as a situation in which the contribution of the individual(s) formally listed as author(s) is nominal or non-existent, constitute academic misconduct and all such cases will, if discovered, be exposed and reported to the relevant institutions (authors' employer, scientific associations, scientific editorial associations, etc.).

The editorial committee requires information about sources of financing for publications, the contribution of research institutions, societies and other entities ("financial disclosure").

The editorial committee documents all cases of academic misconduct, particularly violations of ethical principles applicable in the field of science.

Material in the article must be presented in the following order:

  • Title of the article;

  • Name(s) and surname(s), workplace(s) (including address), and e-mail address(es) of the author(s);

  • Abstract;

  • Keywords;

  • JEL codes;

  • Introduction;

  • Theoretical framework of the research;

  • Research methodology;

  • Analysis of research results or scientific problem;

  • Conclusions;

  • References.

Please use our article template when creating an article.



Articles can be sent by e-mail to any member of the Editorial Committe (




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